Education Planning in India

Education Planning in India is one of the essential areas of concern in all the Five year Plans in India. With the onset of globalization and modernization in recent times, education at all levels is very necessary if India is to outdo other nations.

Since the 1990s, the Indian government has been emphasizing the need to develop education in India across all levels - elementary, secondary, vocational, higher level, and technical. Towards this, the government has also formulated certain measures to increase adult literacy and continuing education among Indians.

Hindrances for Education Planning in India:



The major problems of the Education Planning in India as far as analysts opine are as under:

  • high drop-out rates
  • low levels of learning achievement
  • low participation of girl students
  • inadequate school infrastructure
  • teacher absenteeism rate high
  • large-scale teacher vacancies
  • inadequate teaching/learning material
  • lack of public involvement in provisioning of educational services
  • variation in the literacy rates for the Special Groups of citizens
  • variation in inter-state literacy rates

Steps taken by government in accelerating Education Planning in India:



The central as well as the state governments have been emphasizing on the growth of education at all levels. Moreover there are District Literacy Societies or Zilla Saksharta Samiti who also plays the most pivotal role in the pursuance of adult education. The first step taken by the Indian government is to initiate measures for universal elementary education among all. The other significant steps taken on the Education Planning in India are -

  • to increase the number of institutions, teachers and students at elementary level
  • to provide for incentives like textbooks, free uniforms and scholarships
  • to offer Centrally Sponsored Program of Nutritional Support to Primary Education or Mid Day Meal Scheme
  • to launch the Sarva Siksha Abhiyan Scheme
  • to initiate the District Elementary Education Plan
  • to launch the National Literacy Mission for providing functional literacy to the non-literates between the age group of 15 and 35
  • to provide free and compulsory education for children
  • to improve the Industrial Training Institutes, Boards of Technical Education and Engineering Colleges, and Polytechnology and Apprenticeship Schools
  • to upgrade the Indian Institutes of Technology and Indian Institutes of Management
  • to progress in new technology based areas like biotechnology, bioinformatics, and nano-technology

Last updated on 4/28/2011