Guidelines for FDI in Trading

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100% FDI is allowed in certain specific trading activities in India. Approval of FIPB is required for such foreign direct investments.

Foreign Direct Investment in Indian Economy-

India has become one of the most favored destinations in drawing foreign direct investments from various overseas nations. India ranks second after China in terms of FDI and it has been estimated that India is moving at a massive pace in attracting foreign investors in various industrial sectors with every passing year which had led to a remarkable rise in the Indian economy.

FDI equity flow grew from USD 5.5 billion in 2005-06 to USD 15.7 billion in 2006-07, representing a growth rate of 184 percent.

Guidelines for FDI in Trading-

Certain activities in the Trading sector in India are permitted 100 percent Foreign Direct Investment, provided they are absolutely export-oriented under government and FIPB approvals. Under the Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB), 100 percent FDI is permitted in the following sectors:
  • Export related activities
  • Bulk imports with the warehouse sales related to export or ex-bond
  • Wholesale trading activities
  • 75 percent FDI is allotted to the other importing of goods and services for procurement and selling of goods among the companies of the similar group

FDI in Trading Under the Provisions of Exim Policy-

  • Companies which provide after sales service
  • Trading companies who wants to market the manufactured products of their Joint Venture companies in Indian market
  • Trading of hi-tech goods and services especially those which provide after sales service
  • Trading of products in the social sector in Indian market
  • Trading of medical equipments and diagnostic services
  • Trading of items from the small scale industries
  • Companies providing test marketing facilities on the manufactured items before exporting them
  • E-commerce activities are entitled to 100 percent FDI provided if these companies divest 26 percent of their assets to the Indian population in five years
  • The e-commerce activities are only carried out in the business-to-business units and not in the retail trading sector
Last Updated on 3/18/2011