Financial Institutions in India

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The Financial Institutions in India mainly comprises of the Central Bank which is better known as the Reserve Bank of India, the commercial banks, the credit rating agencies, the securities and exchange board of India, insurance companies and the specialized financial institutions in India.

Reserve Bank of India:

The Reserve Bank of India was established in the year 1935 with a view to organize the financial frame work and facilitate fiscal stability in India.

The bank acts as the regulatory authority with regard to the functioning of the various commercial bank and the other financial institutions in India.

The bank formulates different rates and policies for the overall improvement of the banking sector. It issue currency notes and offers aids to the central and institutions governments.

Commercial Banks in India:

The commercial banks in India are categorized into foreign banks, private banks and the public sector banks. The commercial banks indulge in varied activities such as acceptance of deposits, acting as trustees, offering loans for the different purposes and are even allowed to collect taxes on behalf of the institutions and central government.

Credit Rating Agencies in India:

The credit rating agencies in India were mainly formed to assess the condition of the financial sector and to find out avenues for more improvement. The credit rating agencies offer various services as:
  • Operation Up gradation
  • Training to Employees
  • Scrutinize New Projects and find out the weak sections in it
  • Rate different sectors
The two most important credit rating agencies in India are:
  • ICRA
Securities and Exchange Board of India:

The securities and exchange board of India, also referred to as SEBI was founded in the year 1992 in order to protect the interests of the investors and to facilitate the functioning of the market intermediaries. They supervise market conditions, register institutions and indulge in risk management.

Insurance Companies in India:

The insurance companies offer protection against losses. They deal in life insurance, marine insurance, vehicle insurance and so on. The insurance companies collect the little saving of the investors and then reinvest those savings in the market. The insurance companies are collaborating with different foreign insurance companies after the liberalization process. This step has been incorporated to expand the Indian Insurance market and make it competitive.

Specialized Financial Institutions in India:

The specialized financial institutions in India are government undertakings that were set up to provide assistance to the different sectors and thereby cause overall development of the Indian economy. The significant institutions falling under this category includes:
  • Board for Industrial & Financial Reconstruction
  • Export-Import Bank Of India
  • Small Industries Development Bank of India
  • National Housing Bank
For more information on Financial Institutions in India please refer to the following links: