A market is described as a platform where buyers and sellers are allowed to trade, exchange goods, services, and information. These involvements of the goods and the parties to trade simplify the demand and supply concepts and are thus the fundamentals of an economy. Any type of trade can take place in a market. The two major dependant factors by which a market can operate are buyers and sellers. It is in an India market place that the physical meeting of the buyers and sellers take place such that they can trade. Nobody can deny the importance of physical India market places, but still there are virtual marketplaces mainly supported by IT networks such as the internet.
In an India market place, where there is more number of sellers than the buyers, the supply is bound to bring down the prices. On the other hand, if there are more buyers than sellers in a market place, the reciprocative action would take place - demand pushing up prices.
Types of India Market -
Free Markets - Usually free markets are operational under the 'laissez-faire' conditions - where there is no government intervention. A free market may get distorted if there exists a monopolistic situation (seller controlling major portion of the supply) or a monopsonistic situation (a buyer having power on majority of the demand). In case of these distortions, the government or business bodies make an entry to ensure that the free markets operate smoothly.
Currency Markets - Currency markets are among the largest traded markets in the globe, on a continual basis. Money flows are continuous around the globe - governments, banks, investors and consumers - all of them are involved in buying and selling currency round the clock. That is the velocity of money is huge with so many constantly changing hands.
Stock Markets - Stock markets seem to be the backbone of any economy - and of late they have become the most complex structure allowing investors the scope of buying and selling shares in multitude companies. Majority of the Indian stock markets are operating on an electronic network, with a physical location being maintained for buyers separately. This is the place where the parties involved can interact with each other directly.
Types of Consumer India Markets -
Previously, India Markets originated from the center of villages and towns, where there was a sale or barter of farm produce, clothing and tools and various other products. Later on these street markets went on to become consumer-oriented markets like the specialist markets, shopping centers, supermarkets.
1.Commodity Markets - In India, with high oil and food prices, the commodity markets have again gathered all the attention. The prices of the essential commodities steer the economy to a desired level. Commodity markets deal in energy (oil, gas, coal, and biodiesel), soft commodities and grains (wheat, oat, corn, rice, soya beans, coffee, cocoa, sugar, cotton, frozen orange juice, etc), meat, and financial commodities like bonds.
2.Capital Goods & Industrial Markets - India capital goods market help businesses to buy durable goods that can be used in industrial and manufacturing methods. There are usually wholesale trades that take place with bulk goods being transacted at very cheap prices.
Importance of India market -
Markets in India after the liberalization era have been leveraged to the extent that they are well protected by legal procedures and boasts of efficient administrators. The government has always been proactive in its strategies to make the future of India market lucrative and attractive. India market has witnessed outstanding growth over past few years. The liberal and transparent financial policies have steered the economy towards free flow of FII and that is why India Market has achieved a sound place in the international arena.
The returns on investments in the India market have been substantially moderate from all the listed stocks. Public Private Partnership (PPP) is the new trend in the Indian marketplace, with red tape and bribes being shed off to quite an extent. The few public enterprises like IOC, ONGC, BHEL, NTPC, SAIL, MTNL, BPCL, HPCL and GAIL, SBI, LIC etc are giving the private players a run for their money. Whereas at the same time, private players like Reliance Industries Limited, Infosys, Tata, Birla Corporation, Jet Airways, Ranbaxy, Biocon, Bajaj Auto, ICICI have been performing exponentially in all the financial years.
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