Indian Retail Market

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The Indian retail market is the fifth largest retail destination all across the globe. It has been ranked as the most attractive emerging market for investment in the retail sector in 2009. In the entire Gross Domestic Product of India, the share of retail trade was between 8-10% in 2007, where presently it has touched around 12%, and in all probability will touch 22% by the end of 2010.

Consumerism is on the rise with the rising trend of middle class segment in the country. The Indian consumer (retail) market, in all probability, will grow four times by 2025. The value of India's retail market has touched US$ 511 billion in 2008. India has escalated up to the 39th most preferred retail destination globally in 2009 (in 2008, they ranked 44th).

Components of the Indian retail Market

Banks, capital goods, engineering, fast moving consumer goods (FMCG), software services, oil marketing, power, two-wheelers and telecom companies - they are the main driving force in the retail growth of India. Global retailers still now find India to be among the most attractive destination. On July 2009, the foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows, in single-brand retail trading, touched approximately US$ 46.60 million.

Size of Indian retail market

India's retail sector is estimated to touch US$ 833 billion by 2013 and US$ 1.3 trillion by 2018, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10% - which is quite lucrative. Al these estimations are due to the fact that the consumer spending has seen a rise of around 75%, in the past four years. The organized Indian retail market is slated to grow at a CAGR of 40%, touching US$ 107 billion by 2013.

5% of the Indian retail market is occupied by the organized retail sector, which is all slated to witness the majority number of large format malls and branded retail stores. The increase in the number of such malls would be first seen in South India, followed by North, West and the East over the coming two years. Another latest research shows that more than 100 malls spanning a space of over 30 million sq feet is estimated to open in India between 2009 and 2010 end. Investment in the organized retail market would be around US$ 503.2 million in 2009. This could go further up to US$ 1.26 billion in the next four to five years, at a CAGR of 40%.

India has emerged as the third most attractive market destination for apparel retailers over the years. In India, apparel is the second largest retail category and will have a 12-15% growth rate every year. Apparel, food and grocery is expected to lead the organized retail sector in India.

The Indian retail market has been witnessing exponential growth with developments taking place not only in major cities and metros but tier-II and tier-III cities in India are also on the focus.

Developments in the Indian retail market

  • Marks & Spencer Reliance India has plans to open 35 stores over the next five years. The 51:49 joint venture between UK's Marks and Spencer and Reliance Retail Ltd. already has 15 stores spanning India.
  • Carrefour SA, the largest retailer of Europe, is expected to start wholesale operations in India by 2010 and also has shared its plan for setting up the first cash-and-carry outlet in the National Capital Region. The present status looks alluring with Carrefour exporting goods valued US$ 170 million from India to Europe, UAE, Indonesia, Europe, Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia.
  • Jewellery manufacturer and retailer, Gitanjali Group and MMTC will set up a chain of exclusive retail outlets jointly known as Shuddi-Sampurna Vishwas. This joint venture will see 60 stores across India by end of 2009. They will retail hallmarked gold and diamond Jewellery.
  • Mahindra Retail, a part of the Mahindra Group, is hopeful about its investment plans to the tune of US$ 19.8 million. This investment will help them come out with a specialty retail concept by 2010 known as 'Mom and Me'.
  • Pantaloon Retail India (PRIL) has investment plans of more than US$ 103.3 million for expanding its seamless mall Central and the value fashion format Brand Factory in the next two years.
  • Bharti Retail has launched eight Wal-Mart private labels-including two large labels 'Great Value' and 'George'- in its supermarket chain Easyday. It is all set to attract more consumers because of their international design and packaging.
  • Italian sportswear brand Lotto is all set to launch two new footwear brands Sabots and Calcetto in India very soon. By March 2010, they will have at least 50 exclusive outlets.
  • Steel players such as JSW Steel and Essar Steel are focusing on opening up more retail outlets across the Indian market. JSW Steel presently has 50 steel retail outlets known as JSW Shoppe and the target is to increase the number to around 200 by March 2010. Similarly, Essar Steel has retail outlets known as Essar hypermarts. With around 150 such outlets, this segment is responsible for about 20-25% to the Essar's total revenue.
  • Expansion mode for the large retailers - Aditya Birla Retail, Reliance Retail and Shoppers Stop, and food chains like McDonald's as the rentals are dropping sharply.
  • Few of the major international brands are aiming to establish a strong foothold in India. Few of such brands are The Pizza Company and Spicchio Pizza (from Thailand), Coffee Club from Australia, Japanese brand Lolita Fashion, Revive Juice Bars from the UK, Mrs Fields Cookies and Jamba Juice from the US, and French fashion brand Jules.
  • Retail brands like United Colors of Benetton, Tommy Hilfiger and Puma have been opening up factory outlets for selling excess stock. This step is always an interesting method for wooing the price-conscious buyers.
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