Jute Industry - Jute Mills in India

Jute is otherwise known as the 'Golden Fiber' -a plant that produces a fiber, mainly used for sacking and cordage. This raw material is used for sacks, globally and is the most versatile fibers of nature. Different forms of handicrafts also use this fiber. Jute is cheap and important among all textile fibers, after cotton.

Potential of Jute industry

The jute industry has been expanding really fast spanning from a wide range of life style consumer products, with all courtesy to the versatility of Jute. Innovative ways of bleaching, dyeing and finishing processes - the jute industry now provides finished jute products that are softer, have a luster and also an aesthetic appeal.

Changing scenario of Jute industry

At present, jute has been defined as an eco-friendly natural fiber with utmost versatility ranging from low value geo-textiles to high value carpet, apparel, composites, decoratives, upholstery furnishings etc.

In future, a number of jute mills and mini-jute plants have been seen to be engaged in jute products and jute blended yarns. We all know that the uses of jute are manifold, with the traditional usage pattern remaining constricted to packing, hessian and carpet backing.

The jute sector in India engages a key role in the Indian economy, providing direct employment to about 0.26 million workers, and supporting the lives of around 4.0 million farm families. Around 0.14 million people are believed to be engaged in the tertiary sector, that supports the jute industry. Currently it also contributes to exports to the tune of about ` 1000 crore.

Jute Production in India

Import of Raw Jute in 2008-09 has dropped by 66% in quantity and by 55% in value terms, whereas import of jute products saw a surge by 23% in quantity and by 47% in value terms when compared with the figures of 2007-08. The EXIM Policy states that import of raw jute and jute products in India should be considered as free items without duty.

Import of jute and jute products in last 3 years

Qty: M.Ton and Value: ` /Lakhs
Period 2008 - 2009 2007 - 2008 2006 - 2007
  Value Qty. Value Qty. Value Qty.
Raw Jute 59,042 8,900.31 1,71,800 19,672.39 94,363 15,031.15
Jute Products 70,935 20,299.48 57,688 13,809.41 60,932 17,162.87

State-wise Jute production in the last 3 years
Period: July-June / Area: '000 Hectares / Qty: '000 Bales

  2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 (Estimated)
State Area Production Area Production Area Production
West Bengal 595 8411 610 8216 584 7900
Bihar 127 1253 131 1251 147 1402
Jharkhand - - - - - -
Assam 58 559 60 657 61 674
Orissa 5 48 6 50 11 104
Uttar Pradesh - - - - (0.1) 1
Tripura 1 4 (0.5) 4 1 8
Meghalaya 4 35 4 35 6 50
Nagaland 2 6 3 6 2 21
Others - - - - - -
Total 792 10316 814 10219 812 10160
Last Updated on 12/23/2011



Location of Jute Mills
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