India Petroleum Industry

Overall Rating: star ratingstar ratingstar ratingstar ratingstar rating[5/5]Total Votes [ 18 ]  
Rate this page:

Over the years Indian Petroleum Industry has played an influential part in triggering the speedy expansion of the country's economy by contributing 15% to the total GDP. Further to this, petroleum exports gave a new dimension to foreign exchange earnings by drawing US$ 23.64 billion in the FY 2008-09. India’s oil refining capacity stood at 259.3 million metric tonnes dated December 1, 2021.

To assist and acknowledge the expansion of the sector, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs felicitated 44 petroleum research blocks in November 2008 under the New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP-VII).

  • India is the 3rd largest oil consumer in the world
  • India is the 4th largest importer of liquefied gas
  • India has the second-largest refinery in India

Various Production Segments:

  • Refinery production: Refinery production in the context of crude oil escalated from 156.11 MT in FY 2007-08 to 160.67 MT in FY 2008-09. Indian Oil Corporation Ltd is looking forward to elevating the capacity of its Haldia refinery and Panipat refinery plants to 7.5 million tonnes and 15 million tonnes respectively in 2010.

  • Natural Gas Production: The natural gas production in 2008-09 increased from the previous year's 32.40 billion cubic metres tonnes (BCM) to 32.84 BCM. In 2009 alone the Natural gas production was registered at 33,846 million cubic metres.

  • Crude Oil Production: The projected production of crude oil during the 11th Five-Year Plan (2007-2012) is 206.76 MMT, while that of natural gas is 255.27 BCM. Cumulative production of crude oil between April-December 2009 was 25,152 MT, while cumulative production of refinery production during the same period was 119,283 MT. According to the latest data, crude oil production stood at 2.5 MMT dated April 2021.

India as an international refining destination

India is steadily emerging as an international destination for oil refining with investment requirements lesser by 25% - 50% as compared to its Asian counterparts. As per the analysis carried out by Deutsche Bank, India is expected to enhance its refining competence by 45% in the next 5 years. Being the fifth biggest worldwide nation in the context of distillation capacity, India enjoys 3% of the international capacity share. To move ahead in making its presence felt strongly in the global market, Indian petroleum firms are planning to raise their distillation capacity from the existing 149 mtpa to 243 mtpa by FY 2011-12.

Indian petroleum retail market

Expansion of the Indian petroleum retail market is triggered by the growth in automobile sales that resulted in major foreign investments. The growth is estimated to sustain and the market is likely to expand further by 20 million every year till 2030, placing India on the world map in terms of being the biggest automobile market.

Accordingly, the petroleum dealers Bharat Petroleum Corporation, Hindustan Petroleum Corporation and Indian Oil Corporation in collaboration with each other are looking forward to adding 2,262 petrol pumps in India by 2010.

Investments in India Petroleum Industry

  • In 2010 the state-owned oil firms are expected to splurge US$ 11.34 billion on developing supplies and constructing new shipping networks for petroleum and natural gas.

  • Indian Oil Corporation is looking forward to establishing a petroleum plant in the state of West Bengal by bringing in investments worth US$ 596.63 million.

  • ONGC will bring in US$ 694 million for raising services at its oil fields in Assam and adjoining states to enhance the petroleum output. In addition, it will also splurge US$ 5.65 billion on capital expenses in the next two years.

  • GAIL (India) Limited and OVL, the international association of leading oil and gas player ONGC, are expected to bring in investments worth US$ 250 million.

Value of petroleum products exported from India from the financial year 2011 to 2019:

Financial YearExport value (In billion rupees)

Production volume of petroleum products in India from the financial year 2012 to 2019

Financial yearProduction volume 
(In million metric tons)

Future of India Petroleum Industry

As per the latest CII-KPMG analysis, the energy industry of India will help in the expansion of the petroleum sector by bringing in investments worth US$ 120 billion-US$ 150 billion in the next 3-5 years. By 2012, the prospects in the Indian Petroleum Industry are estimated to accomplish US$ 35 billion to US$ 40.

The consumption of crude oil is expected to grow at a CAGR of 3.60%, which stands to 500 million tonnes by the year 2040 from 221.56 million tonnes during the year 2017.

India is planning on building more refineries by doubling it. By the year 2030, the plan is to double it by 500 million tonnes.

Last Updated on August 17, 2021