Agriculture Infrastructure

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Agriculture Infrastructure is the most essential input regarding the development of Indian agriculture as one third population of the country depends on agriculture sector directly or indirectly. Indian agriculture contributes to the national Gross Domestic Product is about 25 per cent. At present, much emphasis has been on commercializing agricultural production hence adequate production and distribution of food has become a high priority. This in turn implies that Agriculture Infrastructure like seeds, fertilizers, irrigation sources should be organized to achieve the maximum momentum of growth.

The factors like high soil productivity, supply of balanced crop nutrients, efficient water management, improved crops, better plant protection, post-production management for value-addition and marketing, are responsible for higher yield in the Indian agriculture. To achieve this the government has taken definite steps and improved Agriculture Infrastructure of India. In the present day agriculture, application of modern biotechnologies like DNA finger printing, tissue culture, terminator gene technology and genetic cloning will play a vital role in raising the productivity. The major developments in this field are like-

  • Development of HYV seeds
  • New hybrids of different crops
  • Research in the area of vaccine production
  • Varietal development through somoclonal variations, developing better quality products and transgenic in crops such as brinjal, tomato, cauliflower and cabbage.

Irrigation in agriculture infrastructure:
Considering the irrigation needs in Indian agriculture, emphasis should be given to promote the proven cost-reducing micro-irrigation technology of drips irrigation, which helps to conserve water, reduces fertilizer inputs and ensures higher productivity. Along with this farmer awareness programmes and subsidy incentive are helpful strategies for increasing Agriculture Infrastructure. Moreover proper drainage facilities involving farmer's groups need to be created.

Fertilizers and Seeds in agriculture infrastructure:
Diffusion of fertilizer consumption in Indian agriculture has been quite widespread. In Indian agriculture, multiplication, distribution and availability of good quality seed is crucial to accelerate food production. The MNCs lately had been playing a significant role in seed production and distribution.

Farm Credit in agriculture infrastructure:
The farm credit system in Indian agriculture, has been implemented in enhancing production and marketing of farm produce. Not only from domestic financial agencies, Indian agricultural sector received a record $3.8 billion loan sanctioned by World Bank. The farm credit should be increased than before because of the need to enhance agricultural growth to generate surplus for exports. Moreover the ancillary fields of agriculture like the animal husbandry, aquaculture, fish farming, horticulture and floriculture, and farming of medicinal plants requires more investments.

Last updated On: 7th May 2011

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