Punjab Agriculture

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Punjab Agriculture is highly popular all over India. Punjab is well-known for its agricultural activities and plantations. Agricultural activities have occupied a high percentage of land in Punjab because of its land which is perfect for cropping.

The hindrance caused by scanty rainfall in the agricultural activities in Punjab are being lessened by irrigation facilities. The major agricultural products in Punjab comprise of wheat, maize, rice, and bajra. Among all these, wheat paramounts the entire crop plantation whereas rice and maize are confined to few regions only. Punjab is the largest producer of wheat in India and it produces around 2 million tonnes every year. Rice is produced highly in Gurdaspur, Amritsar, and Kapurthala districts in Punjab. The leading cash crop cultivated by the agricultural sector in Punjab is cotton. Other important crops of Punjab agriculture include sugarcane, potatoes, and groundnuts.

The agriculture in Punjab witnessed a marked improvement with the advent of the Green Revolution. This has brought a discernible change in not only the economy of the state but also the country as a whole. The state of Punjab has aided its agricultural sector with a series of services for its growth which will act as a boost for the economy of the state as well. These services include:
  • The departments of agriculture and animal husbandry
  • The Punjab Agriculture University which will function as a unit to provide education, research and propagation
  • The Cooperative Department which will lend credit to the farmers
The university in Ludhiana has introduced innovative techniques in agricultural sector of Punjab and has developed high yielding kinds of cereals such as wheat, rice, bajra and other crops. Only 2.6 percent area of Punjab are being occupied for cropping. Cotton is the most leading cash crops in Punjab. Punjab is one of the smallest states in India and possess 2 kinds of regions: the plain region and the hill region. The hill region being very less, has Shivalik Hills on the eastern side and Hoshiarpur district on the western side. Punjab has more than 90 percent area of flat plain and which is also a part of the Indo-Gangetic plain.

The main sources of irrigation in Punjab are canals and tube wells. The two main crops cultivated in Punjab agriculture are Kharif and Rabi. The Kharif crops of Punjab comprise of maize, cotton, rice, sugarcane, pulses (grams excluded), bajra, peas, jowar, and vegetables such as gourd, onions, and chillies. The Rabi crops of Punjab include gram, barley, wheat, fodder crops, potatoes, oil seeds, and winter vegetables. The agriculture in Punjab is extremely intensive in terms of land, assets, energy, nutrients, agricultural components, water, and so on.

Last Updated on 07th Jully 2011