Tamilnadu Agriculture

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Tamilnadu agriculture is the most overriding sector in the economy of the state. Around 70 percent of the state's population are involved in agricultural activities as this is one of the major means of livelihood in Tamilnadu.

Tamilnadu has occupied a an area of 1.3 lakh sq. km with an overall area of around 63 L.Ha for plantation. The primary responsibility of the government of Tamilnadu is to activate stability in the agricultural sector and also increase the sustainability in the agricultural production of the state. This is done with an objective to meet the demands put forth by the growing population in the food segment as well as the raw materials department in the agro-based industries. This will take a toll on the unemployment in the rural areas. The agriculture in Tamilnadu has executed a creditable performance over the years with the help of so many efficient farmers who are both responsive and receptive to the technological development introduced in the agricultural sector of Tamilnadu. The agricultural department of Tamilnadu has decided upon implementing various development schemes and generating innovative technologies to ensue growth in the state's agriculture.

Tamilnadu Agriculture has taken up various programmes to step up the agricultural production as well as to improve the economic status of the cultivation sector. These are as listed below:
  • Intensive Integrated farming system
  • Massive Wasteland Development Programme
  • Extensive watershed development activities
  • Water management through Micro irrigation systems
  • Organic farming
  • Soil health improvement through Bio-fertilizer including Green Manuring
  • Adoption of Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) and Integrated Pest Management (IPM) technologies
The major crops sown in Tamilnadu are rice, jowar, ragi, bajra, maize, and pulses. Few other crops that are highly cultivated in the regions of Tamilnadu are cotton, sugarcane, tea, coffee, and coconut. Tamilnadu has also gained a commendable status is the horticultural sector in its agricultural department. The horticultural products of Tamilnadu include cash crops and oil seed crops. Bananas and mangoes are cash crops while groundnuts, sesame, and sunflower are oil seed crops. Paddy is the most leading crop in Tamilnadu and is found in 3 kinds namely Kuruvali, Thaladi, and Samba that varies from season to season. River tanks and wells are the main sources of irrigation in Tamilnadu.

Tamilnadu agriculture possess jatropha plant that has Bio-diesel policy which gives away the wasteland of the state to the farmers for cropping. Tamilnadu is also widely popular as the largest producer of agricultural products in India.

Last Updated on 07th Jully 2011