Heavy Vehicle Industry in India

Heavy vehicles industry in India has reflected a steady growth over the last decade by constantly trying to upgrade their technology and production processes. Heavy vehicles in

India are mostly made by companies like Tata motors and Ashok Leyland. Heavy Vehicles or (HCVs) however form an indispensable part of the Indian automobile industry.
Over the years the Indian market has witnessed many new heavy vehicles on the Indian roads, the Volvo is one such example which is a luxury heavy vehicle. The demand for heavy vehicles in India is increasing by the day due to the expansion and the growth of the Indian economy as a whole. This demand for heavy vehicles has in turn resulted in the manufacture of a series of heavy vehicles by the heavy vehicle manufacturing companies.

Types of Heavy Vehicles in India and their manufacturers


Trucks in Indiaare the major commercial vehicles pertaining to transportation of goods. Trucks in India fall under the heavy vehicle segment and are considered the lifeline of all the major trade and commerce activities. Trucks are generally used for the purpose of transporting materials and goods in huge volumes. Trucks in India are considered very important for the growth and smooth flow of commercial activities. Trucks in India are divided into categories on the basis of their usage.

The different categories trucks in India are:

  • Haulage trucks
  • Tipper trucks
  • Rigid trucks
  • Cab trucks
  • Trailers trucks
  • Delivery vans

Major manufacturers of trucks in India:

  • Tata Motors
  • Ashok Leyland
  • Swaraj Mazda
  • Eicher
  • Hindustan Motors
  • Mahindra & Mahindra
  • Volvo
The product line of the manufacturers of the trucks in India:
Ashok Leyland:

HaulageMulti-axle Vehicles
4x2 Haulage Models
Tusker Super 1616
Bison Haulage
Comet Gold 1613
Tusker Gold 2214-6x2
Taurus 2516-6x4
Tusker Super 2214-6x2
Taurus 2516-6x2
Hippo HaulageEicher
Tusker Turbo Tractor3516
Artik 30.14 Tractor
Jumbo 20.16 E2 Series Galaxy 30.2 10.75 F Bus Chassis
Force Motors Hindustan Motors Ltd.
Excel-4,3600mm WB
Excel-4,3100mm WB Kargo King DCPU
Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd.Hard Top Range
Mahindra Utilty
Mahindra Pick-Up
Mahindra Marshal DI
Marshall Deluxe Royale
Marshall Deluxe
LCV RangeDelivery Van
Mahindra CabKing 576
Maxx Maxi Truck
Mahindra LoadKing
Mahindra Voyager Delivery Van
Swaraj Mazda
High deck
Swaraj 4

Tata Motors

Rigid TrucksTrailers
Tata Ace
LP 1109 Turbo Truck
Tata SFC 410 EX
SFC 709 E Aerial lift turbo Truck
Tata LPT 712 EX
SFC 407 Turbo Truck
LPT 407 Turbo Truck
LPS 3516 TC 4x2 BS2
LPS 3015 TC 4x2 BS2
Tata 207 DI EX- Single Cab Tata 207 DI - Crew Cab Tata 207 DI - Single Cab Rigid Trucks
Volvo FM9 300 hp 4x2 Tractor
Volvo FM9 300 hp 6x4 Tractor
Volvo FM12 460 bhp 6x4 Puller
Volvo FM12 380 bhp 6x4 Heavy Duty Tractor

Defence Vehicles

Defense vehicles in India assist the Defense Services i.e., the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force with their transportation requirements.Defense vehicles in India also support the defense services in their effort to defend the borders of the country.
The defense vehicles in India are very heavy vehicles capable of handling all kinds of terrain with tremendous ease.
The uses of the defense vehicles in India:

  • For transporting troops to the front
  • For transporting various supplies to the front and defense bases
  • For transporting pieces of equipments to different places
  • For other needs such as ambulances, fire truck, etc.
The major manufacturers ofdefense vehicles in India:
  • Ashok Leyland
  • Tata Motors
  • Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd.
Companies manufacturing defense vehicles in Indiaalong with its product line:
Ashok Leyland designed defense vehicle originally for the army's general use. These diesel powered vehicles are very efficient. The product line of the company is:
  • Stallion 4x4 Mk III
  • Field Artillery Tractor 6x6
  • Light Recovery Vehicle 4x4
  • Stallion 4x4 Mk IV
  • Stallion 4x4 5KL Water Browser
  • Comet 4x4
  • Truck Fire Fighting 4x2
  • High Mobility Vehicle 6x6
  • F 23 6x6 Crash Fire Tender
Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd.

Army Range
Mahindra Army Range covers the strong all terrain bulletproof vehicles comes designed with the purpose of carrying troops to different places. The variants of this type are:
  • Mahindra 550 XD
  • Rakshak
Commander Range
Commander range covers the rough and tough all terrain troops carrier and they are highly effective for the purpose. The variants of this type are:
  • Mahindra Commander 750 DI Long
  • Mahindra Commander 750 ST
  • Mahindra Commander 650 DI
Tata Motors designed defense vehicles is one of the most commonly used in the defense services. It is legendary for its efficiency and service. The product line of the company is:
  • Tata SD 1015 TC (4 x4)
  • Tata 407 (4 x 4) Soft Top Troop Carrier
  • Tata LPTA 713 TC (4 x4)
  • Tata LPTA 1621 TC (6 x6)
  • Tata 407/(4x2) Hard Top Troop Carrier


Buses in India is one of the major transportations in the country. All over the the country the buses transport a large number of passengers. The concentration of the buses in India is in the major cities where it the basic form of transportation. Thousands of commuters avail the bus services to go to various places. The bus first originated in France in the year 1826 called Omnibus with the sole purpose of transporting a large number of commuters effectively and efficiently. The buses in India are enormous commercial vehicles in which a lot of people can travel economically and comfortably. The buses in India also ply for long distances connecting big cities with other cities and the mofussils.
The categories of buses in India are:

  • Commuter Bus
  • Electric buses
  • School buses
  • CNG buses
  • Luxury buses
The major manufactures of buses in India:
Ashok Leyland Tata Motors
Cheetah BS-II
Cheetah BS-III
Viking BS-II
Viking BS-III
Lynx BS-II
Panther BS-II
Stag-BS II
Vestibule Bus
12-M Bus-II
12-M Bus
Double Decker
Airport Tarmach Coach
Force Motors
Citiline 25+D
Citiline School Bus (25+D)
Commuter 32+D
Traveller Mini Bus 14 +D
Traveller Long 17+D
Hindustan Motors Ltd.
RTV Custom Bus RTV Passenger Bus RTV School Bus
Starbus Skool
Starbus Skool 17
Starbus Skool 32
Starbus Skool 52
Starbus Low Floor
Starbus LF
Starbus ULF CNG
Starbus Standard
Starbus 16
Starbus 18 CNG
Starbus 20
Starbus 32
Starbus 54
Starbus 67
Starbus Deluxe
Starbus Dlx 18
Starbus Dlx 20
Starbus Dlx 28
Starbus Dlx 35 Other Buses
SFC 407 Turbo Mini-Bus
LPO 1510 CGS Bus (CNG Bus)
LP / LPO 1510 Bharat stage II Bus
LPO 1616 TC Luxury Bharat Stage - II Bus
Globus 13
Globus 18
Globus 20
Globus 45
Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd.Swaraj Enterprise
Mahindra FJ Minibus
Mahindra FJ 470
Mahindra Tourister 15
Swaraj Bus
Swaraj CNG Bus
Swaraj LHD Bus
Swaraj School Bus
Eicher Volvo
Eicher Skyline Bus
Eicher School Bus
Eicher Cruiser Bus
Eicher Skyline CNG Bus
Volvo B7R

Tractors :

India is an agrarian economy and so mainly depends on agricultural produce. As a result, tractors play an important role in the growth of the economy itself. The tractors can do the jobs of ploughing, tilling, and sowing in an efficient manner in very less time. This helps farmers increase the output and in turn help the economy to grow further. Tractors in India are used on a very large scale. The tractors are usually very heavy and capable of carting huge loads.
The major manufacturers of tractors in India are:

    Escorts Ltd. Mahindra and Mahindra Ashok Leyland Swaraj Enterprise Force Motors
The manufacturers of tractors in India along with their product line:
Escorts Ltd:
  • Farmtrac
Farmtrac series has revolutionized the Indian agricultural sector. These have powerful engines and are very efficient. The different models in this series are:
  • Farmtrac 60
  • Farmtrac 50
  • Farmtrac 45
  • New Farmtrac 70
Special features:
  • Effective braking system
  • Independent hydraulics
  • Adjustable wheel track
  • Centrifugal type pre-air cleaner
  • Large swing front axle
  • Differential lock
  • Power take-off
  • Powertrac
Powertrac series was orchestrated with modern technology to improve on performance and power. These are mean machines capable of giving very effective performances. The various models in this series are:
  • Powertrac 430
  • Powertrac 455
  • Powertrac 440
  • Powertrac 435
Special features
  • Centrifugal type pre-air cleaner
  • Independent hydraulics
  • Power take off
  • Differential lock
Force Motors:
Balwan Tractor has the heaviest of the tractors engine housed in it. It can perform immensely heavy tasks very effectively. The different types are:
  • Balwan 400
  • Balwan 500
  • Balwan 450
  • Balwan 300
  • OX 25
Special features
  • Synchromesh gearbox
  • Full mudguard
  • Dual speed PTO
  • Hydraulics by Bosch
  • Adjustable seat
Swaraj Enterprise:
Swaraj Tractor is very popular among the consumers. These tractors are extremely innovative in their design and performance. The different models are:
  • Swaraj 722 Super
  • Swaraj 735 FE
  • Swaraj 855
  • Swaraj 724 FE
Special features
  • Higher capacity 60 liters diesel tank
  • Oil pressure gauge
  • Water temperature gauge
  • Ammeter
  • Lockable battery


Ambulances in India fall under an important category of commercial vehicles. The ambulance service is a vital element in the health industry. The manufacturers of ambulances in India are few in number, but their product line is well equipped with the most modern health amenities.
The ambulances in India are divided broadly into:

  • Patient Transport Ambulance
  • Emergency ambulance
  • Response Unit
  • Charity Ambulance
The major manufacturers of ambulances in India:
  • Force Motors
  • Maruti Udyog Ltd.
  • Swaraj Mazda
  • Mahindra and Mahindra
  • Hindustan Motors
Force motors -Traveler Ambulance
Developed by Force Motors, it successfully incorporates features such as safety, convenience, and speed. This vehicle is immensely popular among hospitals and health centers in India. It is easy to maintain and economical.
Salient Features:
  • More space provides the doctors to start the treatment on the move
  • Easy to maneuver
  • Designed and produced originally by Germany's Mercedes Benz Company
Hindustan Motors - RTV Ambulance
RTV Ambulance, designed with the sole purpose of transporting the patients. Many government-run hospitals use this vehicle. The vehicle is efficient, spacious, safe, powerful, and fast.
Salient Features:
  • Follows the World Health Organization norms
  • Has benefits of twin stretchers
  • Emergency hooter and light
  • Foldable doctor and attendant seats
  • Patient compartment is spacious
  • Rear-foldable footrest doubles as a seat
Mahindra and Mahindra - Mahindra MM 540 DP Ambulance
Mahindra MM 540 DP is an ambulance designed originally as a jeep. It one of the most popular ambulances in India used by many of the small and big health facilities. It is well equipped with the relevant health amenities.
Maruti Udyog - Maruti Omni Ambulance
Omni ambulance is designed to be a small but fully loaded ambulance. The vehicle is legendary in the healthcare segment for its par excellence performance. It has been very efficient in transporting patients all over the country.
Salient Features:
  • Box-type seat cum stretcher stand
  • 12 volt plug point for ECG machine and suction machine
  • Stand for saline bottle and oxygen cylinder
  • Siren and Flasher light
  • Medicine box
  • Folding stretcher
Swaraj Mazda - Swaraj Mazda Ambulance
Swaraj Mazda ambulances have been designed to be the most technologically advanced ambulances in India. This vehicle is very efficient, safe, and highly effective in transporting patients.
Salient Features:

  • Sizable space for 2 to 4 stretchers
  • Equipped with normal and Exhaust fans
  • Drug cabinet available
  • First aid box

Last Updated on 8 april 2015