India Truck Industry

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The reason behind the success of India truck industry is the added advantages of road transport over the railways. Trucks can accept goods in small quantities, can reach rural and hill areas, and also require less time than the rail for loading and unloading of goods. As a result, India truck
industry cemented its place in goods transportation. With passage of time, truck industry in India has involved a good number of Indian automobile giants including Tata Motors, Hindustan Motors, Ashok Leyland, Mahindra and Mahindra, Force Motors, Swaraj Maza, Eicher etc.

Profit and Profitability

Following are some of the factors that prove to be vital in profitability of truck operations:
  • Fuel Prices
  • Capacity Utilization
  • Freight Trips
  • Other Operating Costs
Following are the ways that truck operators take to optimize the profits:
  • Overloading the vehicles in general
  • Maintaining a suitable vehicle mix according to the vehicle's payload capacity

Types of Trucks in India

The trucks can be classified into several sub-categories depending upon their size and purpose of use. Following are types of trucks that one can find in the India truck industry:
  • Haulage
  • Rigid Trucks
  • Tippers
  • Cabs
  • Delivery Vans
  • Trailers

Truck Manufacturers in India

There are a number of companies that manufacture trucks in India with different models. Following are some of the most well-known truck manufacturers in India and their models:

Ashok Leyland
HaulageTippersRigid Trucks
4X2 Haulage ModelsHippo TipperBeaver Tractor
Multiaxle VehiclesStallion Mk III TipperHippo Tractor
Hippo Haulage Ecomet
Beaver Haulage 

Hindustan Motors Ltd.
Rigid TrucksForce Motors
Mascot T-480 FCCLA 40.280
Pick-upCLA 49.280
Porter Plus

Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd.
CabsDelivery Van
Pick-up RangeMahindra Voyager Delivery Van
Hard Top Range 
LCV Range

Tata Motors
Rigid TrucksPic-Up
World TrucksTata Xenon XT
Tata Ace 
Rigid Trucks 
Tata Novus

Swaraj Mazda
Rigid TrucksApplications
Sartaj V W 26-SSuper ZT54
Premium TruckSwaraj Mazda Water Tank
Swaraj 4 Wheel Drive

Rigid TrucksTippers
Volvo FMVolvo FM9 Tippers
Volvo FH

Problems in India Truck Industry

The global economic slow down has had a great impact on the India truck industry. As the price of raw materials for the industry has soared up, it has resulted in price hikes for Indian trucks. Tata Motors had to raise its truck prices by an average of 3.5%, which affected the demands.

India truck industry also had to face problems during the energy crisis in 2003-08, which led to rise in automotive fuel prices. It resulted in diminishing demand for trucks with low-fuel efficiency. The poor road infrastructure in India has also caused huge problems for the Indian truck industry as many prefer to choose railways over road transports for moving goods within the country.

Last Updated on June 25, 2015