Petrochemicals in Healthcare

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Petrochemical solutions and petrochemicals are the 2nd phase products and solutions that originate from crude oil, following a number of refining methods. Crude oil works as the fundamental ingredient which offers petrochemical products and byproducts after an extensive procedure of refining which takes place in various oil refineries.

The major byproducts and solutions which are instantly generated by crude oil after the refining process takes place include the following:

  1. Diesel fuel
  2. Asphalt
  3. Gasoline
  4. Fuel oil
  5. Lubricating oil
  6. Kerosene
  7. LPG (Liquefied petroleum gas)
  8. Paraffin wax
  9. Petrochemicals
  10. Tar

Products made from petrochemicals

Given below are the names of the products manufactured from petrochemicals - soaps, plastics, solvents (like paint thinner), detergents, drugs, paints, insect repellents, explosives, synthetic fibers, manure, rubbers, and tiles and insulating objects. Petrochemicals are present in many familiar products like vehicles, aspirin, compact discs, garments, electronic equipment, video tapes, furniture and the like.

A number of drugs like penicillin are manufactured through fungi and microbes. However, the majority is manufactured from chemicals and a significant number of these medicines are manufactured from petroleum goods. ASA, also known as Acetylsalicylic acid, is the key element in most of the familiar over-the-counter pain medications. Acetylsalicylic acid is made from petrochemicals. Oil was previously used in the form of a medicine about one or two thousand years back.

Petrochemicals in Healthcare: An Overview

Petrochemistry is a process which researches on the conversion of petroleum or crude oil and natural gas into raw materials and helpful products. Petrochemistry makes a huge contribution to the remarkable advancement attained in the 20th century in the fields of universal healthcare and sanitation.

For instance,
  1. Phenol and Cumene are utilized in the form of a preparatory substance for manufacturing penicillin and aspirin. Penicillin is one of the extensively used antibiotic agents which are utilized to cure a number of ailments like spinal meningitis, pneumonia, diphtheria, and throat infections.

  2. A number of petrochemical resins have applications in drug purification procedure. This method assists in the cost-cutting procedure and simplifies the bulk medicine manufacturing process.

  3. These know-how and resins are applied in manufacturing antibiotics and in devising treatments curing diseases like AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome), arthritis, and different types of cancer.

  4. Severely wounded people can recuperate a significant degree of mobility as a result of using artificial limbs and joints which have been manufactured with resins and plastics originating from petrochemicals.

  5. Plastics are a necessary component for manufacturing bottles for keeping vaccines or blood, disposable syringes, and other equipments that are utilized just once to get rid of the threat of contagion.

Products made using different chemicals:
Pesticides/Fertilizers: All important marketable composts are ammonia-based and are manufactured from natural gas. In addition, the majority of marketable insect repellents are manufactured from petroleum.

Detergent: Every type of soapless detergent applied for cleaning dishes and garments originates from the petrochemical glycerin.

Food Preservatives: Food preservatives originate from petrochemicals and they assist to enhance the time period of canned food.

Medicine (capsule bottles): ASA, or Acetylsalicylic acid is the key element in various over-the-counter pain medications and it is manufactured from petrochemicals.

Polymers: Specially made polymers are currently being used in healthcare system in an extensive manner, for instance in cardiac surgery, or for auditory or visual stimulators. The major issue is the bio-compatibility of plastic with the human body.

Dyes: Most of the dyes that we use, starting from hair dye to pens, are derived from petrochemicals.

Plastics: Every type of plastic is manufactured or derived from petrochemicals. Each commodity which is manufactured by plastic or comprises plastic is an article that is present only via the refining of petroleum. Plastic is used to manufacture thin catheters or tubes for unclogging blood vessels, prosthesis (orthopedic devices), artificial corneas, hearing aids, and pill capsules.

Different types of petrochemicals

Aromatic – Aromatic is a natural compound typified by several double bonds and a circular shape, similar to the benzene ring. These petrochemicals are quite steady since the double bonds are coupled, suggesting that the carbon-to-carbon bonds enter a form of single bond, then double bond, then single, then double, and so on.

Ethylene – Ethylene is a colorless, combustible gas which is made up of just two carbons with double bonds to each other. Ethylene is one of the key olefins and applied to a significant degree in chemical production and to manufacture various categories of plastic like the plastic utilized for making water bottles.

Benzene – Benzene is a colorless, explosive, and combustible fluid applied significantly in organic chemistry in the form of a foundation to which various molecular compositions and atoms can join. Benzene is applied for manufacturing drugs, fertilizers, pesticides and various other helpful materials. In addition, it is applied in the form of a dissolving agent and ingredient in car fuels.

Hydrocarbon – Hydrocarbon is a common word form with reference to organic chemicals and is distinguished by different hydrogen and carbon molecular arrangements. Hydrocarbon is the familiar expression applied to denote petrochemicals.

Olefin – Olefins are also known as Alkenes. They are types of hydrocarbons that are categorized by containing one double bond as a minimum; in particular, any of a sequence of acyclic hydrocarbons like ethylene.

Naphthenic – Napthenic is any of the different explosive, usually combustible, fluid hydrocarbon combinations distinguished by concentrated circular formations that are principally applied in the form of dissolving agents and thinners.

Propylene – Proplylene is a combustible, three-carbon, vaporific atom bearing a double-bond. It is a different form of olefin utilized in natural compound preparation. It works as a foundation for manufacturing polypropylene fibers that are applied in superior garments, floor coverings and other goods.

Organic – Organic compounds incorporate carbon molecules attached to other hydrogen molecules, carbon molecules, or other replacements for hydrogen (for instance sulfur, halogens, nitrogen and so on).

Synthesis gas – Synthesis gas is a blend of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. It is particularly used in chemical mixture for manufacturing organic compounds.

Xylenes – They are one of the key fragrant feedstock that is normally derived from natural gas or petroleum concentrates. They are applied to make artificial fibers and plastics in the form of a dissolving agent and in the combination of gasoline.

Active pharma ingredients used to manufacture bulk drugs

Given below is a list of the active pharmaceutical ingredients that are used to manufacture bulk drugs:

  • Fluconazole
  • Amlodipine Besylate
  • Cetirizine Dihydrochloride
  • Artesunate
  • Atenolol
  • Artemether
  • Chloroquine Phosphate
  • Citalopram HBR
  • Glimepiride
  • Frusemide
  • Losartan Potassium
  • Hydroxychloroquine Sulphate
  • Lansoprazole
  • Omeprazole Magnesium
  • Itraconazole
  • Quetiapine Fumerate
  • Olanzapine
  • Ferrous Ascorbate
  • Vitamin C Coated
  • Chlorzoxazone
  • Sodium Ascorbate
Last Updated on 12/23/2011