Achievements of National Telecom Policy 1994 and Need for New Telecom Policy

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The Achievements of National Telecom Policy 1994 and Need for New Telecom Policy cropped up as a result of fast change in the overall scenario of the Indian telecommunication industry. The Achievements of National Telecom Policy 1994 and Need for New Telecom Policy cropped up since the Indian telecommunication sector grew very rapidly over the last decade and half. The meteoritic rise of the Indian telecommunication industry enforced rapid amendment of the Indian telecommunication policy as drafted in the early 1990s. The 'Telecom Regulatory Authority of India' (TRAI) and 'Department of Telecommunication' (DOT), the two main governing bodies of the Indian telecommunication industry soon realized the need for an overall revamping of the Indian telecommunication policy to compliment the rapid growth of this industry.

The highlights of the basic telecommunication policy of India are as follows -
  • To facilitate telecommunication for all
  • Ensuring quick availability of telephone connectivity
  • Achieve universal service access at affordable price covering all Indian villages, as early as possible
  • Providing world class telecommunication services
  • Solving consumer complaints, resolve disputes, and special attention to be given to public interface
  • To provide widest possible range of services at reasonable prices
  • To emerges as a major manufacturing base and major exporter of telecommunication equipment
  • To protect the defense and security interests of the country

The tenth plan meets the need for new telecom policy of the Indian communication industry, which are as follows -
  • Creating world class telecommunication infrastructure to meet the communication requirements of IT, ITES, media and other IT based industry
  • Easy and affordable access to basic telecommunication services across all the states of India
  • Affordable and efficient basic telephony facility to each and every applicant
  • Provision for world class service to all uncovered and rural areas of India
  • Establishment of modern and efficient telecommunication infrastructure to meet the requirements of modern India
  • Continual upgradation of the Indian telecommunication sector and provide an equal opportunity for all the telecommunication service providers doing business in India
  • Strengthening R&D on telecommunication hardware and software
  • Efficient and unbiased spectrum management
  • Facilitating protection of the Indian defense and security systems
  • Facilitating the Indian telecommunication companies to reach global standards
  • Facilitate world class products and services at affordable prices
  • Institutionalize the Department Of Telecommunication (DOT), Government of India and help it function as a corporate body
  • To make telephone available within 48 hours of such demand
  • To reach tele-density of 9.91 by the end of 31st March 2007 (which has been achieved)
  • Facilitate reliable communication relay media to all telephone exchanges
  • Provide high-speed data and multimedia connections using technologies like ISDN across all towns, having population strength of two lakh or more

The Achievements of National Telecom Policy 1994 and Need for New Telecom Policy initiated the following developments -
  • Friendly Government of India economic and telecommunication policies
  • Low operational cost
  • Availability of world class infrastructure at a much cheaper cost
  • Availability of huge English speaking workforce
  • Prevalence of strong technical education amongst the majority of educated Indians
  • Large number of science and engineering graduates
  • Assurance of high quality output
  • Highly skilled workforce
  • Usage of innovative technologies
  • Effective and efficient entrepreneurship skills
  • Good client and service provider's relationships
  • Creation of global brands
  • Huge scope of business across all industries especially, in IT and ITES industries
  • Expansion of existing relationships
  • Ever growing domestic market, especially the rural market
  • Huge success in overseas markets
  • Increased electronics and hardware manufacturing in India
  • Aggressive promotion of R&D in telecommunication
  • Increased penetration of computers
  • Increased utilization of Internet
  • Growth of domestic software market
  • Development of local language software, especially for the use in rural- India
  • Use of Information Technology to increase productivity
  • Use of Information Technology as a means of generating employment
  • Increased number and quality of training facilities across India

Last Updated on 27 June 2011