National Telecom Policy 1994

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The National Telecom Policy 1994 drafted by the Department of Telecommunication (DOT), Government of India, resulted from the fast change in the overall scenario of the Indian telecommunication industry. Further, the National Telecom Policy 1994 of India made a number of amendments to the preceding telecommunication policy of India. This was affected to compliment the stupendous growth of the Indian telecommunication industry. The 'Telecom Regulatory Authority of India' (TRAI) and 'Department of Telecommunication' (DOT) are the two main governing bodies of the Indian telecommunication industry.

The highlights of the National Telecom Policy 1994 of India are as follows -
  • To facilitate telecommunication for all
  • Ensuring quick availability of telephone connectivity through efficient service networks
  • Achieve universal service access at reasonable cost, connecting all Indian villages
  • Providing world class telecommunication services
  • Solving consumer complaints, resolve disputes, and special attention to be given to public interface
  • To provide the widest possible range of products and services at affordable price, to all Indians
  • To emerges as a major manufacturing industry and major exporter of telecommunication equipment
  • To protect the defense and security interests of India

Some notable points of the Indian National Telecommunication Policy 1994 are as follows -
  • Creating world class telecommunication infrastructure to meet the communication requirements of IT, ITES, media and other IT based industry
  • Easy and affordable access to basic telecommunication services across all the states of India
  • Affordable and efficient basic telephony facility to each and every applicant
  • Provision for world class service to all uncovered and rural areas of India
  • Establishment of modern and efficient telecommunication infrastructure to meet the requirements of modern India
  • Continual up gradation of the Indian telecommunication sector and provide an equal opportunity for all the telecommunication service providers doing business in India
  • Strengthening R&D on telecommunication hardware and software
  • Efficient and unbiased spectrum management
  • Facilitating protection of the Indian defense and security systems
  • Facilitating the Indian telecommunication companies to reach global standards
  • Facilitate world class products and services at affordable prices
  • Institutionalize the Department Of Telecommunication (DOT), Government of India and help it function as a corporate body
  • To make telephone available within 48 hours of such demand
  • To reach tele-density of 9.91 by the end of 31st March 2007 (which has been achieved)
  • Facilitate reliable communication relay media to all telephone exchanges
  • Provide high-speed data and multimedia connections using technologies like ISDN across all towns, having population strength of two lakh or more

The main contributing factors for the tremendous success of the Indian National Telecom Policy 1994 are as follows -
  • Investor friendly TRAI telecommunication policies
  • Low operational cost of telecommunication industry in the domestic market
  • Access to world class infrastructure at cheap cost
  • Availability of huge English speaking workforce
  • Availability of strong technical education amongst the majority of Indians
  • Access to huge number of science and engineering graduates
  • Assurance of high quality output
  • Access to highly skilled workforce
  • Use of innovative technologies
  • High entrepreneurship skills
  • Good relationship with client and expansion of existing relationships
  • Huge success in overseas markets and easy creation of global brands
  • Huge untapped market, across all industries especially, in IT and ITES industries
  • Ever growing domestic market, especially the market in rural India offers tremendous scope
  • Increased manufacturing of electronics and hardware components in India
  • Aggressive of R&D in telecommunication domain
  • Increased penetration of computers across all sections of Indian society
  • Increased utilization of Internet
  • Steady growth of the domestic software market
  • Development of local language software, especially for the use of rural mass of India
  • Increased use of Information Technology to increase productivity
  • Increased use of Information Technology as a means of generating employment
  • Increased number and quality of training facilities across India

Last Updated on 27 June 2011