Hindustan Aeronautics Limited

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Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), one of the largest aerospace company was established on October 1, 1964. HAL was set up as a amalgamation of Hindustan Aircraft Limited along with Aeronautics India Limited and Aircraft Manufacturing Depot located in Kanpur, India.

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited has it headquarter located at Bangalore, India. HAL is one of the largest aerospace company which is run by the Ministry of Defense. The principal activities of HAL involves manufacturing aircraft, aerospace, navigation, and instruments for communication purposes. Apart from these, few other activities performed by HAL are designing, manufacturing, and collecting aircraft, jet engines, helicopters, along with their elements and spares. Hindustan Aircraft Limited which located at Bangalore, was incorporated by the industrialist the late Seth Walchand Hirachand in December 1940. The Government of India became a stakeholder of the company in 1941 and seized the management department in1942.

At present, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited possess 16 manufacturing units and 9 R&D centers that are spread in around 7 states in India that also include Lucknow, Hyderabad, Nasik, Kanpur, Korwa, and Koraput. HAL set up its first military aircraft in South Asia. The first indigenous warplane in India known as the HF-24 Marut fighter-bomber was constructed by Kurt Tank, a German engineer by profession. There are some domestic and global aerospace agencies who have entered a collaboration with HAL namely Aeronautical Development Agency, BAE Systems, Dassault Aviation, Indian Space Research Organization, Israel Aircraft Industries, Mikoyan-Gurevich, Sukhoi Aviation Corporation,and Dornier Flugzeugwerke.

The R&D centers of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited deals largely with both defense and civil aviation sectors. The in-house R&D units of HAL manufactures 12 kinds of aircrafts and the licensed units of HAL manufactures 14 types of aircrafts. A range of products manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautics include 3550 aircraft, 3600 engines, and renovated more than 8150 aircraft and 27300 engines. Some of the projects of HAL which have gained success of late are as follows:
  • Intermediate Jet Trainer (IJT)
  • Dhruv, which is Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH)
  • Various military and civil upgrades
  • Tejas - Light Combat Aircraft (LCA)
The 3 collaboration companies of Hindustan Aeronautics are Indo-Russian Aviation Limited (IRAL), BAeHAL Software Limited, and Snecma HAL Aerospace Pvt Ltd. Industrial Marine Gas Turbine and Airport Services are also two major major diversification projects of HAL. Hindustan Aeronautics is also looking forward for more global joint venture projects. HAL mainly supplies its products to Indian Defense Services, Border Security Forces, and Coast Guards. It also supplies Transport Aircrafts and Helicopters to various airlines as well as the State Governments of India. Hindustan Aeronautics exports its products in around 30 countries across the globe and is well-recognized for its first-rate quality products and price competitiveness.

A number of sectors of HAL that received both national and international awards include technology, R&D, exports, managerial operation, quality, energy conservation, and fulfillment of social obligations. During 2004-05, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited accounted for a turn over of ` 4534 crore and revenue earned from the export sector was ` 150.05 crore.