Automobile Industry in India
Automobile Latest News And Updates
Driving the most luxurious car has been made possible by the stiff competition in the automobile industry in India, with overseas players gathering the same momentum as the domestic participants.
The automobile industry in India happens to be the ninth largest in the world. Following Japan, South Korea and Thailand, in 2009, India emerged as the fourth largest exporter of automobiles. Several Indian automobile manufacturers have spread their operations globally as well, asking for more investments in the Indian automobile sector by the MNCs.
Potential of the Automobile industry In 2008, Hyundai Motors alone exported 240,000 cars made in India. Nissan Motors plans to export 250,000 vehicles manufactured in its India plant by 2011. Similar plans are for General Motors.
Segmentation of market share of automobile industry in India
Passenger Vehicle: 15.96%
Commercial Vehicle: 3.95%
Three wheelers: 3.60%
Two wheelers: 76.49%
Top Automobile Companies in India
Indian Automobile Industry SWOT AnalysisStrengths
- Domestic Market is large
- Government provides monetary assistance for manufacturing units
- Reduced Labor cost
- Infrastructural setbacks
- Low productivity
- Too many taxes levied by government increase the cost of production
- Low investments in Research and Development
- Reduction in Excise duty
- Rural demand is rising
- Income level is at a constant increase
- Increasing rates of interest
- Too much competition
- Rising cost of raw materials
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Automobile Technology in India
Automobile Technology or automotive technology refers to the technologies that are incorporated in automobiles or vehicles. With the continuous advancement of technologies new inventions in the field of automobile technology is only paving the way for more and more technologically superior and sophisticated vehicles. Automobile technology is one of the most essential parts of the automobile industry today. There are a number of vehicles available in the market all of which require different technologies to support their smooth functioning.
Changes in Automobile Engines TechnologyHowever the most important changes that has taken place in the automobile industry in India pertains to the development of the engine. In the cars using petrol the carburetor engine has been replaced by the Multi Point Fuel Injection (MPFI) engine. Similarly the engines running on diesel have undergone a sea change from the time Rudolf Diesel to the Rail Direct Injection (CRDI).
Multi Point Fuel Injection (MPFI)
This technology sticks to stricter auto emission norms and manages to squeeze out the maximum benefit of the fuel by making optimum use of even the last drop of petrol or diesel and providing the vehicle with a great mileage.
If you have the benefit of a Common Rail Direct Injection engine fitted to your car you will know that you have invested your money in the right place (CRDI) offers 25% more power than the normal direct injection engine and also a soundless pick up with mileage of about 24 kilometers to one liter of diesel.
Changes in Vehicles TechnologyAlong with the engine the vehicle has also undergone an enormous improvement in the form of;
Driverless cars also known as autopilot, autonomous vehicle or auto-drive car are intelligent vehicles because of the simple fact that they drive themselves, to put it in a better way they actually do not require drivers to drive them. These vehicles navigate the roads themselves and give you a taxi experience.
With the help of the advancement in automobile technology a check can be put on the emission of harmful pollutants like NO 2 , particulate matter (PM) or soot, carbon monoxide (CO) or volatile hydrocarbons which would by far help to save the planet from global warming.
Coming from the first steam engine built by Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot in 1769 the to the modern day four stroke internal combustion engine, the automobile engine has survived a long journey. It is simply the determination and power of the human mind that has kept improving the steam engine and today excelled in making it a fast and smooth running engine.
The suspension system of a vehicle consists of springs, shock absorbers and linkages these together connect the vehicle to its wheels. However the main function of the suspension system remains to minimize jerks and to provide a smooth journey to its occupants
Apart from the above mentioned technologies steering technologies and safety technologies have also helped the automotive industry to reach great heights.
Automobile Maintenance in India
Automobile Maintenance in India is one of the most necessary service related to the Indian automobile market in India. All the vehicles need regular maintenance as only by this, one can keep their vehicles secure. Moreover it also indicates the performance and longevity of the vehicle.
Starting from car painting to looking after the auto-parts regularly, everything falls under the policies of Automobile Maintenance in India. The automobile components directly related to the performance of the vehicle. Some of the regular processes of Automobile Maintenance in India are like checking the battery, changing the automobile oils, keeping a check on it, checking the electrical system to identify a few of them.
Some of the most essential tips required for the owner and also the driver to follow seriously for the well being of the vehicle and for a proper automobile maintenance in India are as under:
- to prevent deterioration of the engines, it is necessary for the engine to maintain the amount of oil it receives, in order to prevent falling mileage
- to have an accurate knowledge of the fuse system which would save the vehicle from getting stranded due to a blown fuse
- to focus the lights of the automobile properly
- to check the air pressure of all the tires regularly
- to change the water required for the engine
- to get the automobile serviced only at authorized and efficient service stations
- to check the engine oil level once every two weeks
- to check the coolant and water levels in the radiator and battery
- to use authentic and genuine spare auto parts always
- to provide the vehicle with anti-rust coating before the rainy season