Automobile Industry in India

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Automobile Latest News And Updates

Modi to visit Hyundai shipyard
May 19, 2015 01:59 PM
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Tuesday left for Ulsan, in South Korea's southeast, where he will tour the Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI) shipyard, one of the biggest ship construction companies in the world. Earlier, Modi left Seoul for Gimhae, from where he is to travel by road to Ulsan. "PM @narendramodi arrives in Gimhae. From Ulsan he will drive to Ulsan, the birthplace of Korea's industrialization," tweeted external affairs ministry spokesperson Vikas Swarup. On Monday, Modi invited South Korean investments in areas like ship building, including LNG tankers. Both countries are to set up a Joint Working Group on shipbuilding. In the morning, Modi addressed the 6th Asian Leadership Forum and the India-ROK CEOs Forum, and also interacted with the CEOs of top South Korean companies. Source: IANS
Volkswagen India announces top level management changes
May 14, 2015 10:22 AM
Automobile major Volkswagen India on Wednesday announced top level management changes with the appointment of its new president and managing director from July 1, 2015. According to the company,Andreas Lauermann will take over from the incumbent Mahesh Kodumudi, who will take-over another position with Volkswagen Group of America with effect from June 1, 2015. "Kodumudi will continue to act in an advisory role to Volkswagen Group India in the coming months," the company said in a statement. Source: IANS
Ashok Leyland exits MPV segment, plans bus plants overseas
May 13, 2015 10:19 AM
Commercial vehicle maker Ashok Leyland Ltd has decided to stick to its core business and exit multi-purpose vehicle (MPV) segment, said a top company official in Chennai on Tuesday. The company stopped selling MPV STILE that was being made in joint venture with Japanes Nissan Motor Company. "We have stopped production of STILE. It was not doing well as expected. We may reenter the segment if we see prospects," managing director Vinod K. Dasari told reporters. Ashok Leyland has decided to write down investment in the joint venture by around Rs.224 crore. Dasari said that there is no change in the equity holding pattern in the joint venture. Source: IANS
Maruti Suzuki rolls out its 15 millionth car
May 12, 2015 05:59 PM
Automobile major Maruti Suzuki India on Tuesday became the only car manufacturer in India to roll out its 15 millionth car. "Maruti Suzuki's journey has been one of 'Kaizen' and continuous improvement. Our people on the shop floor make enormous contribution so that we can offer more to our customers, and fulfil their needs and aspirations," said Rajiv Gandhi, executive director of production, Maruti Suzuki India. According to the company, a DZire VDi sedan which rolled-out from its Manesar facility became the 15 millionth car. The company's production detail showed that its major brands like Maruti 800, Alto, Wagon R, Omni and new models such as Swift and DZire were produced the most. Source: IANS
Eicher Motors acquires British company
May 12, 2015 02:01 PM
Two wheeler maker Eicher Motors Ltd on Monday announced the acquisition of Britain-based Harris Performance Products Ltd for an undisclosed sum. Under the terms of the deal, Eicher Motors will acquire all assets, employees, trade names, technical know-how and intellectual property of the 40-year-old Harris Performance Products, the Indian company said in a statement. According to the British company's website, it designs, develops, manufactures and markets road and racing motorcycle chassis and components that are marketed in Britain and exported worldwide. Source: IANS

Driving the most luxurious car has been made possible by the stiff competition in the automobile industry in India, with overseas players gathering the same momentum as the domestic participants.

Every other day, we have been hearing about some new launches, some low cost cars - all customized in a manner such that the common man is not left behind. In 2009, the automobile industry is expected to see a growth rate of around 9%, with the disclaimer that the auto industry in India has been hit badly by the ongoing global financial crisis.

The automobile industry in India happens to be the ninth largest in the world. Following Japan, South Korea and Thailand, in 2009, India emerged as the fourth largest exporter of automobiles. Several Indian automobile manufacturers have spread their operations globally as well, asking for more investments in the Indian automobile sector by the MNCs.

Potential of the Automobile industry In 2008, Hyundai Motors alone exported 240,000 cars made in India. Nissan Motors plans to export 250,000 vehicles manufactured in its India plant by 2011. Similar plans are for General Motors.

Segmentation of market share of automobile industry in India

Passenger Vehicle: 15.96%
Commercial Vehicle: 3.95%
Three wheelers: 3.60%
Two wheelers: 76.49%

Top Automobile Companies in India

Tata Motors

Tata Motors is the largest automobile manufacturing companies in India. Established way back in 1945 Tata Motors is a multinational automobile company with its headquarters in Mumbai. Previously known as Telco TATA Engineering and Locomotive Company Tata Motors belongs to Tata Group. This company manufactures compact medium sized utility vehicles. Over the last few decades it has stood as the undisputed leader in the commercial vehicles segment. It is also the third largest producer of passenger cars in India. This automobile company in India is listed on both the Bombay Stock Exchange and the New York Stock Exchange. The revenues earned by Tata Morts in 2010 accounted to $20.572 billion. Some of the well known cars manufactured by Tata Motors are: Tata Indigo, Tata Indica, Tata Sumo Tata Indigo Marina and Tata safari.

Hindustan Motors Limited

Hindustan Motors Limited was founded in the year 1942 by B.M Birla. It is an operative subsidy of the Birla Technical Services group. This company held the title of the biggest manufacturer of cars in India before Maruti Udyog. Hindustan Motors was the pioneer in manufacturing automobiles in India. The company accounted for a sales turnover of Rs 150.66 crore in 2010. Some of the important cars and multi utility vehicles manufactured by Hindustan Motors Limited include; Mitsubishi Lancer, Trekker, Contessa, Ambassador, Porter, Pushpak and the Mitsubishi.

Ashoke Leyland

Ashoke Leyland is a leading commercial vehicle manufacturer in India. It was established in 1948. The company over the years has become synonymous with the production of trucks, passenger buses and emergency military vehicles. It happens to be the second largest commercial vehicle producer in India holding a market share of almost 30 percent. The company holds a record for selling almost 60, 000 vehicles and almost 7000 engines per years. Ashok Leyland accounted for consolidated revenues of US$ 1.4 billion in 2009. Some of the popular products by this company are; Panther BS-II Muti-axle Vehicles, Cheetah Bus-III, Tractors and Ecomet, Lynx BS-II, Diesel and Natural Gas gensets from 15KVA to 250KVA.

Maruti Suzuki India Limited

Maruti Suzuki India Limited was established in 1981. A part of this company is owned by Suzuki Motor Corporation of Japan. It is the country's largest passenger car manufacturing company. Credited for having brought in the automobile revolution in the country Maruti Suzuki India Limited was known as Maruti Udyog Limited till 2007. With its headquarters in Delhi this automobile company in India happens to be the largest producer and market share holder of cars. The company accounted for consolidated revenues of US$4.8 billion in 2010. Maruti Suzuki India Limited is credited for manufactures a variety of passenger cars SUVs, and Sedans. Some of Maruti's most popular cars are: Alto, Gypsy, Omni, Wagon R, Maruti 800, Versa, Zen, Esteem, Baleno and Swift.

Hyundai Motor India Limited

Hyundai Motor India Limited (HMIL) is owned entirely by Hyundai Motors of South Korea. Hyundai Motors happens to be the largest car manufacturer in South Korea and the sixth largest in the world. This automobile company in India is also the largest passenger cars exporter in India. Established on May 6 1996 this company in a short span of time has taken the Indian automobile industry by storm. Some of the popular cars manufactured by this company are; Santro, Getz Prime, Hyundai i10, Hyundai i20 Accent and the Verna and Sonata

Bajaj Auto

Bajaj Auto is another important automobile manufacturing company in India. It is one of the India's most trusted car manufacturers. It is an operative subsidy of the Bajaj Group. Bajaj Auto happens to be the largest two and three wheeler manufacturer in India and also ranks in this field across the globe. This automobile company was established on 2 November 1945. The company was then known as M/s Bachraj Trading Corporation Private Limited. The company made a modest beginning by importing and then selling two and three wheelers in India. Today Bajaj Auto has become synonymous with two and three wheelers in the country. Some of its popular two wheelers are; Pulsar 220DTS and Kawasaki Ninja 250R.

Indian Automobile Industry SWOT Analysis

  • Domestic Market is large
  • Government provides monetary assistance for manufacturing units
  • Reduced Labor cost

  • Infrastructural setbacks
  • Low productivity
  • Too many taxes levied by government increase the cost of production
  • Low investments in Research and Development

  • Reduction in Excise duty
  • Rural demand is rising
  • Income level is at a constant increase

  • Increasing rates of interest
  • Too much competition
  • Rising cost of raw materials

Automobiles Industries in India

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Automobile Technology in India

Automobile Technology or automotive technology refers to the technologies that are incorporated in automobiles or vehicles. With the continuous advancement of technologies new inventions in the field of automobile technology is only paving the way for more and more technologically superior and sophisticated vehicles. Automobile technology is one of the most essential parts of the automobile industry today. There are a number of vehicles available in the market all of which require different technologies to support their smooth functioning.

Changes in Automobile Engines Technology

However the most important changes that has taken place in the automobile industry in India pertains to the development of the engine. In the cars using petrol the carburetor engine has been replaced by the Multi Point Fuel Injection (MPFI) engine. Similarly the engines running on diesel have undergone a sea change from the time Rudolf Diesel to the Rail Direct Injection (CRDI).

Multi Point Fuel Injection (MPFI)
This technology sticks to stricter auto emission norms and manages to squeeze out the maximum benefit of the fuel by making optimum use of even the last drop of petrol or diesel and providing the vehicle with a great mileage.

Common Rail Direct Injection (CRDI)
If you have the benefit of a Common Rail Direct Injection engine fitted to your car you will know that you have invested your money in the right place (CRDI) offers 25% more power than the normal direct injection engine and also a soundless pick up with mileage of about 24 kilometers to one liter of diesel.

Changes in Vehicles Technology

Along with the engine the vehicle has also undergone an enormous improvement in the form of;

Autopilot cars:
Driverless cars also known as autopilot, autonomous vehicle or auto-drive car are intelligent vehicles because of the simple fact that they drive themselves, to put it in a better way they actually do not require drivers to drive them. These vehicles navigate the roads themselves and give you a taxi experience.

Emission Standards:
With the help of the advancement in automobile technology a check can be put on the emission of harmful pollutants like NO 2 , particulate matter (PM) or soot, carbon monoxide (CO) or volatile hydrocarbons which would by far help to save the planet from global warming.

Automotive Engine:
Coming from the first steam engine built by Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot in 1769 the to the modern day four stroke internal combustion engine, the automobile engine has survived a long journey. It is simply the determination and power of the human mind that has kept improving the steam engine and today excelled in making it a fast and smooth running engine.

Suspension technology:
The suspension system of a vehicle consists of springs, shock absorbers and linkages these together connect the vehicle to its wheels. However the main function of the suspension system remains to minimize jerks and to provide a smooth journey to its occupants

Apart from the above mentioned technologies steering technologies and safety technologies have also helped the automotive industry to reach great heights.

Automobile Maintenance in India

Automobile Maintenance in India is one of the most necessary service related to the Indian automobile market in India. All the vehicles need regular maintenance as only by this, one can keep their vehicles secure. Moreover it also indicates the performance and longevity of the vehicle.
Starting from car painting to looking after the auto-parts regularly, everything falls under the policies of Automobile Maintenance in India. The automobile components directly related to the performance of the vehicle. Some of the regular processes of Automobile Maintenance in India are like checking the battery, changing the automobile oils, keeping a check on it, checking the electrical system to identify a few of them.

Some of the most essential tips required for the owner and also the driver to follow seriously for the well being of the vehicle and for a proper automobile maintenance in India are as under:

  • to prevent deterioration of the engines, it is necessary for the engine to maintain the amount of oil it receives, in order to prevent falling mileage
  • to have an accurate knowledge of the fuse system which would save the vehicle from getting stranded due to a blown fuse
  • to focus the lights of the automobile properly
  • to check the air pressure of all the tires regularly
  • to change the water required for the engine
  • to get the automobile serviced only at authorized and efficient service stations
  • to check the engine oil level once every two weeks
  • to check the coolant and water levels in the radiator and battery
  • to use authentic and genuine spare auto parts always
  • to provide the vehicle with anti-rust coating before the rainy season
Apart from these general tips on the automobile maintenance in India for safe drive the driver should also follow some preventative automobile maintenance policies like to check the air-filter every month, to be cautious while handling the battery, to check the brake fluid monthly, to get the oil filter replaced with every oil change, and many others. To get a vivid idea about the Automobile Maintenance in India, the owner and also the drivers should go through the user manual of the vehicle very seriously.