Automobile Industry in India
Driving the most luxurious car has been made possible by the stiff competition in the automobile industry in India, with overseas players gathering the same momentum as the domestic participants.
The automobile industry in India happens to be the ninth largest in the world. Following Japan, South Korea and Thailand, in 2009, India emerged as the fourth largest exporter of automobiles. Several Indian automobile manufacturers have spread their operations globally as well, asking for more investments in the Indian automobile sector by the MNCs.
Potential of the Automobile industry In 2008, Hyundai Motors alone exported 240,000 cars made in India. Nissan Motors plans to export 250,000 vehicles manufactured in its India plant by 2011. Similar plans are for General Motors.
Segmentation of market share of automobile industry in India
Passenger Vehicle: 15.96%
Commercial Vehicle: 3.95%
Three wheelers: 3.60%
Two wheelers: 76.49%
Top Automobile Companies in India
Tata Motors is the largest automobile manufacturing companies in India. Established way back in 1945 Tata Motors is a multinational automobile company with its headquarters in Mumbai. Previously known as Telco TATA Engineering and Locomotive Company Tata Motors belongs to Tata Group. This company manufactures compact medium sized utility vehicles. Over the last few decades it has stood as the undisputed leader in the commercial vehicles segment. It is also the third largest producer of passenger cars in India. This automobile company in India is listed on both the Bombay Stock Exchange and the New York Stock Exchange. The revenues earned by Tata Morts in 2010 accounted to $20.572 billion. Some of the well known cars manufactured by Tata Motors are: Tata Indigo, Tata Indica, Tata Sumo Tata Indigo Marina and Tata safari.
Hindustan Motors Limited was founded in the year 1942 by B.M Birla. It is an operative subsidy of the Birla Technical Services group. This company held the title of the biggest manufacturer of cars in India before Maruti Udyog. Hindustan Motors was the pioneer in manufacturing automobiles in India. The company accounted for a sales turnover of Rs 150.66 crore in 2010. Some of the important cars and multi utility vehicles manufactured by Hindustan Motors Limited include; Mitsubishi Lancer, Trekker, Contessa, Ambassador, Porter, Pushpak and the Mitsubishi.
Ashoke Leyland is a leading commercial vehicle manufacturer in India. It was established in 1948. The company over the years has become synonymous with the production of trucks, passenger buses and emergency military vehicles. It happens to be the second largest commercial vehicle producer in India holding a market share of almost 30 percent. The company holds a record for selling almost 60, 000 vehicles and almost 7000 engines per years. Ashok Leyland accounted for consolidated revenues of US$ 1.4 billion in 2009. Some of the popular products by this company are; Panther BS-II Muti-axle Vehicles, Cheetah Bus-III, Tractors and Ecomet, Lynx BS-II, Diesel and Natural Gas gensets from 15KVA to 250KVA.
Maruti Suzuki India Limited was established in 1981. A part of this company is owned by Suzuki Motor Corporation of Japan. It is the country's largest passenger car manufacturing company. Credited for having brought in the automobile revolution in the country Maruti Suzuki India Limited was known as Maruti Udyog Limited till 2007. With its headquarters in Delhi this automobile company in India happens to be the largest producer and market share holder of cars. The company accounted for consolidated revenues of US$4.8 billion in 2010. Maruti Suzuki India Limited is credited for manufactures a variety of passenger cars SUVs, and Sedans. Some of Maruti's most popular cars are: Alto, Gypsy, Omni, Wagon R, Maruti 800, Versa, Zen, Esteem, Baleno and Swift.
Hyundai Motor India Limited (HMIL) is owned entirely by Hyundai Motors of South Korea. Hyundai Motors happens to be the largest car manufacturer in South Korea and the sixth largest in the world. This automobile company in India is also the largest passenger cars exporter in India. Established on May 6 1996 this company in a short span of time has taken the Indian automobile industry by storm. Some of the popular cars manufactured by this company are; Santro, Getz Prime, Hyundai i10, Hyundai i20 Accent and the Verna and Sonata
Bajaj Auto is another important automobile manufacturing company in India. It is one of the India's most trusted car manufacturers. It is an operative subsidy of the Bajaj Group. Bajaj Auto happens to be the largest two and three wheeler manufacturer in India and also ranks in this field across the globe. This automobile company was established on 2 November 1945. The company was then known as M/s Bachraj Trading Corporation Private Limited. The company made a modest beginning by importing and then selling two and three wheelers in India. Today Bajaj Auto has become synonymous with two and three wheelers in the country. Some of its popular two wheelers are; Pulsar 220DTS and Kawasaki Ninja 250R.
Indian Automobile Industry SWOT AnalysisStrengths
- Domestic Market is large
- Government provides monetary assistance for manufacturing units
- Reduced Labor cost
- Infrastructural setbacks
- Low productivity
- Too many taxes levied by government increase the cost of production
- Low investments in Research and Development
- Reduction in Excise duty
- Rural demand is rising
- Income level is at a constant increase
- Increasing rates of interest
- Too much competition
- Rising cost of raw materials
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Automobile Technology in India
Automobile Technology or automotive technology refers to the technologies that are incorporated in automobiles or vehicles. With the continuous advancement of technologies new inventions in the field of automobile technology is only paving the way for more and more technologically superior and sophisticated vehicles. Automobile technology is one of the most essential parts of the automobile industry today. There are a number of vehicles available in the market all of which require different technologies to support their smooth functioning.
Changes in Automobile Engines Technology
However the most important changes that has taken place in the automobile industry in India pertains to the development of the engine. In the cars using petrol the carburetor engine has been replaced by the Multi Point Fuel Injection (MPFI) engine. Similarly the engines running on diesel have undergone a sea change from the time Rudolf Diesel to the Rail Direct Injection (CRDI).
Multi Point Fuel Injection (MPFI)
This technology sticks to stricter auto emission norms and manages to squeeze out the maximum benefit of the fuel by making optimum use of even the last drop of petrol or diesel and providing the vehicle with a great mileage.
If you have the benefit of a Common Rail Direct Injection engine fitted to your car you will know that you have invested your money in the right place (CRDI) offers 25% more power than the normal direct injection engine and also a soundless pick up with mileage of about 24 kilometers to one liter of diesel.
Changes in Vehicles Technology
Along with the engine the vehicle has also undergone an enormous improvement in the form of;
Driverless cars also known as autopilot, autonomous vehicle or auto-drive car are intelligent vehicles because of the simple fact that they drive themselves, to put it in a better way they actually do not require drivers to drive them. These vehicles navigate the roads themselves and give you a taxi experience.
With the help of the advancement in automobile technology a check can be put on the emission of harmful pollutants like NO 2 , particulate matter (PM) or soot, carbon monoxide (CO) or volatile hydrocarbons which would by far help to save the planet from global warming.
Coming from the first steam engine built by Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot in 1769 the to the modern day four stroke internal combustion engine, the automobile engine has survived a long journey. It is simply the determination and power of the human mind that has kept improving the steam engine and today excelled in making it a fast and smooth running engine.
The suspension system of a vehicle consists of springs, shock absorbers and linkages these together connect the vehicle to its wheels. However the main function of the suspension system remains to minimize jerks and to provide a smooth journey to its occupants
Apart from the above mentioned technologies steering technologies and safety technologies have also helped the automotive industry to reach great heights.
Automobile Maintenance in India
Automobile Maintenance in India is one of the most necessary service related to the Indian automobile market in India. All the vehicles need regular maintenance as only by this, one can keep their vehicles secure. Moreover it also indicates the performance and longevity of the vehicle.
Starting from car painting to looking after the auto-parts regularly, everything falls under the policies of Automobile Maintenance in India. The automobile components directly related to the performance of the vehicle. Some of the regular processes of Automobile Maintenance in India are like checking the battery, changing the automobile oils, keeping a check on it, checking the electrical system to identify a few of them.
Some of the most essential tips required for the owner and also the driver to follow seriously for the well being of the vehicle and for a proper automobile maintenance in India are as under:
- to prevent deterioration of the engines, it is necessary for the engine to maintain the amount of oil it receives, in order to prevent falling mileage
- to have an accurate knowledge of the fuse system which would save the vehicle from getting stranded due to a blown fuse
- to focus the lights of the automobile properly
- to check the air pressure of all the tires regularly
- to change the water required for the engine
- to get the automobile serviced only at authorized and efficient service stations
- to check the engine oil level once every two weeks
- to check the coolant and water levels in the radiator and battery
- to use authentic and genuine spare auto parts always
- to provide the vehicle with anti-rust coating before the rainy season