Panchayat and Rural Development Department in Assam

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The governing body of Panchayat and Rural Development Department in Assam operates with two important wings namely the Panchayat Wing and the Rural Development Wing. A number of welfare programs funded by various other states have been introduced for the execution of these two wings.

Such programs organized by the Assam Panchayat and Rural Development Department works through a number of networks such as 219 Development Blocks, 20 Zilla Parishads, and 2487 Gaon Panchayats. Panchayati Raj Institution came into power right after the Panchayati election after which the Zilla Parishad, the Gaon Panchayat, and the Anchalik Panchayat were formed. The Panchayati Raj Institution appoints the Local Self Government for the execution of various programs.

The Panchayat wing of the Panchayat and Rural Development Department in Assam largely deals with the Panchayati Raj Institutions and state plan schemes for small-scale sectors. These state plan schemes focus upon the improvement of the roads of rural regions, facilitating proper irrigation works such as digging of canals, health and sanitation facilities, and setting up of ring well or tube well. The Panchayat and Rural Development now run the National Social Assistance Programme, which was started off by the Social Welfare Development in Assam. Some of the rural development programs that have been designed under the Panchayat and Rural Development Department in Assam are as follows:

  • Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY) - This programme is exclusively designed to ensure a range of self-employment opportunities. This includes employing the rural youths into various activities in terms of training, credit, infrastructure, technology, and marketing. The chief aim of this program is to help out the rural poor to overcome the poverty line by providing them with sources of income and facilities like bank loans and government subsidy. A special SGSY programme was designed for the development of Eri and Muga industry of Assam in eight handpicked districts namely, Goalpara, Dhubri, Kamrup, Lakhimpur, Kokrajhar, Karbi-Anglong and Golaght. The banks provided funds to 171 Self-Help Groups that constituted of 1775 Swarojgaries in total. The projects that were planned for execution under these Self-Help Groups include twenty community centers for spinning and weaving, twenty centers for reeling and spinning for Muga, eighteen centers for seed production for Muga, and five yard-cum-training centers. The special SGSY project also involves uplifting of rural weavers for the development of Economic Empowerment of Rural Women. A set of hand loom sectors would be set up in three districts namely Nalbari, Barpeta and Darrang where the women weavers would get an opportunity to earn their livings.

  • Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana - This project was planned to take care of the employment crisis faced by the rural youths residing below poverty line. The secondary objective of this program is to ensure social and economic assets, which will be durable, and community based to the rural poor. This particular program of SGRY also plays an important role in the uplifting of the SC and ST classes.

  • Indira Awaas Yojana - This program was empowered for the housing development for the rural poor especially the SC and ST classes of people.

  • Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (Rural Shelter) - The five areas that were fully taken care of under the PMGY are primary health, rural shelters, primary education, rural drinking water, and nutrition. This program is fully financed by the state government.

  • Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP) - This program was designed to improve the socio-economic condition of the state by developing the drought prone lands, wastelands, and the debauched lands.
Panchayat and Rural Development Department in Assam also takes a note of the food and supply department and ensures that a proper nutrition for the employed rural poor along with their families is provided.

last Updated 25/05/2011