Coal Chemicals

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This site provides detailed information on coal chemicals ofIndia. It also focuses on other factors that contributed to the growth of coal chemicals inIndia.

Coal chemicals are obtained during the processing of metallurgical coke from coal. The aromatic compounds that are obtained as by-products during such processing are used as intermediates during the process of synthesis of some solvents, dyes, drugs, and antiseptics. Most of the by-products of coal chemicals are used as fuel.

So far, many chemical compounds have been identified and isolated from coal tar, which is a by-product of coal chemicals.

Coal chemicals are typically mixtures of -

  • Methane
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Hydrogen
  • Small amounts of higher hydrocarbons, ammonia, and hydrogen sulfide

Coal Chemicals by-products are -

  • Gas
  • Light oil
  • Tar

Some aromatic hydrocarbons like toluene and xylene, are now largely produced from petroleum refineries by-products. Further, coal chemicals by-products like benzene, naphthalene, anthracene, phenanthrene pyridines, and quinolines are not obtained from petroleum refineries. Furthermore, a substantial quantity of phenol, cresols, and xylenols are still obtained as by-products of coal chemicals.

The development of coal chemicals inIndia is quite fascinating. The wide bandwidth of coal chemicals products that are being produced inIndia are at par with world standards. Thus,India shares a good portion of the worldwide coal chemical output. Asian, African, and even Arab countries buyIndian coal chemicals products. The demand forIndian coal chemicals product is high mainly because of its quality and competitive pricing.India's low cost and high end coal chemicals product manufacturing expertise coupled with developing world class infrastructure is the main leveraging factor for the rise of this industry. Further, with the consolidation of the infrastructure development, this industry will be a big success in years to come.India offers coal chemicals products at a substantial discount compared to its western counterparts.

Petrochemicals products thatIndia produces are -

  • Basic chemicals such as Ethylene, Propylene, Butadiene, Styrene, Benzene, Toluene, Orthoxylene, Paraxylene, Mixed xylenes, and Ethylene oxide

  • Chemical intermediate such as Monoethylene glycol, Phthalic anhydride, DMT, Vinyl Chloride, Caprolactin, Acrylonitrile, and Linear Alkyl Benzene

  • Synthetic fiber such as Acrylic fiber, Nylon filament yarn, Polyester staple fiber, and Polyester filaments yarn

  • Polymers such as LDPE, LLDPE, HDPE, PVC, Polystyrene, and Poly propylene

  • Synthetic rubber such as Styrene butadiene and Poly butadiene

The advantages of manufacturing high class of petrochemical products inIndia are -

  • Friendly government ofIndia policies
  • Low cost labor
  • Low and world class infrastructure
  • Strong technical education
  • Large number of science and engineering graduates
  • Quality output
  • Highly skilled workforce
  • Usage of innovative process
  • Good client relationships
  • Huge scope for innovation
  • Expansion of existing relationships
  • Huge demand in overseas markets
  • Availability of more technical work force
  • Increased number and quality of training facilities

Last Updated on 13 December 2011