Risk Research

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This site provides detailed information on the Risk Research. It also focuses on risk factors associated with the Petrochemical Industry and addresses Environmental concerns.

Risk Research pertains to studies related to the ill effects of petrochemical pollution and industrial effluents discharged during their production. The Department of Chemicals & Petrochemicals, GOI are the concerned highest authority that deals with Risk Research associated with Pollution.

Risk Research addresses issues relating to pollution and its ill effects in terms of monetary loss, environment contamination and depletion of natural resources. TheIndian Pollution Control Measures for the protection of environment is at par with world standard.

Threats toIndian Petrochemical industry -

  • Environmental hazards concerns
  • Disposal concerns
  • Industrial effluents are disposed off openly into water bodies and thus contaminating ground water level
  • Low quality consciousness
  • Insufficient safety measures
  • Safety norms are not at par with world standard
  • Insufficient basic infrastructure for the petrochemical industry
  • Prevalence and use of old technology
  • Unorganized industry and operates in small clusters

The government ofIndia, Risk Research and relevant suggestive measures are -

  • Adoption of cost effective cleaner technologies should be encouraged
  • Implementation of waste minimization techniques and adoption of appropriate pollution control measures
  • Discard and discourage technologies which do not conform to the quality of products
  • Spreading awareness messages through programs for the prospective and existing entrepreneurs on usage of cleaner technologies and pollution control
  • Waste minimization for improvement of productivity and creation of Waste minimization circle
  • Assistance for sustainable development to be facilitated by the Government ofIndia through fiscal incentives, technology, trainings etc
  • An additional system of taxation to be introduced based on concentration of waste
  • Encourage industry to regard 'pollution' as an economic problem
  • To decide the cost of water, power, fuel, etc through market instruments
  • Tax exemption on waste selling, resource recovery and reuse to be introduced
  • Incentives may be introduced on waste selling, resource recovery, reuse, etc
  • Scattered business units to follow stringent pollution control regulations
  • Allowance for capital investment and cleaner technology from foreign and private players
  • Simplification of Environmental clearance procedures for the industries located in industrial estates
  • Encourage Common Effluent Treatment Plant
  • Encourage common captive power plant and steam generation unit
  • During relocation of units detailed action plan to be prepared based on
    • environmental risk assessment
    • change of technology
    • waste minimization
  • Small industries to get assistance from government
  • Further Research and development of cleaner technologies is proposed

InIndia the following Acts and Rules governs the various Pollution Control Measures -

  • The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
  • The Water Prevention and Control of Pollution Cess Act, 1977
  • The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution)Act, 1981
  • The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
  • The Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001
  • The Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000
  • The Recycled Plastics Manufacture and Usage Rules, 1999
  • The Rules for the Manufacture, Use, Import and Export and Storage of Hazardous micro-organisms
  • Genetically engineered organisms or cells, 1989
  • The Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989
  • The Hazardous Wastes( Management and Handling ) Rules, 1989
  • The Bio-Medical Waste ( Management and Handling ) Rules, 1998
  • Dumping and disposal of fly ash discharged from coal or lignite based thermal power plants on land, 1999
  • Noise Pollution( Regulation and Control ) Rules, 2000
  • The Ozone Depleting Substances ( Regulation and Control )Rules, 2000
  • The 2-T Oil ( Regulation of Supply and Distribution) Order, 1998
  • The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991
  • The National Environment Appellate Authority Act, 1997
  • The National Environment Tribunal Act, 1995
  • Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980
  • The Biological Diversity Act, 2002

Last Updated on 13 December 2011