Threats posed by Petrochemical Products

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This site provides detailed information on the threats posed by petrochemical products. It also focuses on other factors that governs the Petrochemical Industry and addresses Environmental concerns.

The Department of Chemicals & Petrochemicals, GOI are the concerned highest authority to deal with the threats posed by petrochemical products. The threats posed by petrochemical products are well addressed by theIndian Environmental Regulation acts and rules. The Indian regulation for the protection of environment is at par with world standard.

The Threats posed by Petrochemical Products are by -

  • Wastes of cyanides
  • Metal waste matter
  • Water soluble wastes like lead, copper, zinc, chromium, nickel, selenium, barium and antimony
  • Mercury, arsenic, thallium, and cadmium
  • Non-halogenated hydrocarbons
  • Halogenated hydrocarbons
  • By products during manufacture of paints, pigments, glue, varnish, and printing ink
  • By products during manufacture of Dyes and dye intermediates containing inorganic chemical compounds
  • By products during manufacture of Dyes and dye intermediates containing organic chemical compounds
  • Waste oil and oil emulsions
  • Tarry wastes from refining and tar residues from distillation or pyrolytic treatment
  • Sludges of wastewater containing heavy metals, toxic organics, oils, emulsions, and spent chemicals, Incineration ash Phenols
  • Asbestos
  • By products during manufacture of pesticides and herbicides and residues from pesticides and herbicides formulation units
  • Acid/
  • Alkali
  • Slurry wastes

TheIndian Environmental Acts and Rules that are in place to negate the Threats posed by Petrochemical Products, are -

  • The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
  • The Water Prevention and Control of Pollution Cess Act, 1977
  • The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution)Act, 1981
  • The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
  • The Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001
  • The Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000
  • The Recycled Plastics Manufacture and Usage Rules, 1999
  • The Rules for the Manufacture, Use, Import and Export and Storage of Hazardous micro-organisms
  • Genetically engineered organisms or cells, 1989
  • The Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989
  • The Hazardous Wastes( Management and Handling ) Rules, 1989
  • The Bio-Medical Waste ( Management and Handling ) Rules, 1998
  • Dumping and disposal of fly ash discharged from coal or lignite based thermal power plants on land, 1999
  • Noise Pollution( Regulation and Control ) Rules, 2000
  • The Ozone Depleting Substances ( Regulation and Control )Rules, 2000
  • The 2-T Oil ( Regulation of Supply and Distribution) Order, 1998
  • The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991
  • The National Environment Appellate Authority Act, 1997
  • The National Environment Tribunal Act, 1995
  • Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980
  • The Biological Diversity Act, 2002

Threats toIndian Petrochemical industry -

  • Environmental hazards concerns
  • Disposal concerns
  • Industrial effluents are disposed off openly into water bodies and thus contaminating ground water level
  • Low quality consciousness
  • Insufficient safety measures
  • Safety norms are not at par with world standard
  • Insufficient basic infrastructure for the petrochemical industry
  • Prevalence and use of old technology
  • Unorganized industry and operates in small clusters

TheIndian Environmental Regulation are as per International standards and are adherent to the Kyoto protocol. And the Hazardous Waste Management process followed inIndia is at its nascent stage and the government ofIndia is trying hard to bring it at par with world standard otherwise the process of industrialization inIndia will lose its pace.

Last Updated on 13 December 2011