Acrylonitrile Production in India

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This site provides detailed information on Acrylonitrile. It also focuses on other factors that contributed to the growth of Acrylonitrile production inIndia.

Acrylonitrile or 2-propenenitrile or propenenitrile or vinyl cyanide or cyanoethylene has the molecular formula CH2=CH-CN. Acrylonitrile is a clear colorless or slightly yellowish liquid and has a characteristic pungent odor.

Acrylonitrile's boiling point is at 77 degree C and melting point is at -83 degree C. Specific gravity of Acrylonitrile is 0.806 and its vapor pressure is 83 mm Hg at 20 degree C. Acrylonitrile is highly inflammable and gets automatically ignited at a temperature of around 480 degree C. Acrylonitrile is also extremely unstable and is kept in a stable condition with the help of 4-ethoxyphenyl. Acrylonitrile reacts vigorously to acids, bases, oxidizing agents, amines, and bromine. Moreover, it is also photo sensitive.

Acrylonitrile is used for the production of -

  • Plastics
  • Surface coatings
  • Nitrile elastomers
  • Barrier resins
  • Adhesives
  • Intermediate for synthesis of various
    • Antioxidants
    • Pharmaceuticals
    • Dyes
    • Surface-active agents
    • Fumigant for food commodities
    • Flour milling
    • Bakery food processing

The characteristics of Acrylonitrile are as follows:

  • Carcinogen
  • Mutagen
  • Inhalation or ingestion is dangerous and can lead to extreme condition and even death
  • Causes irritation
  • It is harmful to the environment
  • Causes long-term adverse effects

Proper protective gear should be worn before handling of Acrylonitrile. Further, proper ventilation arrangements should be made at the storage and handling sites.

TheIndian Acrylonitrile production growth is quite fascinating. The Acrylonitrile that is being produced inIndia is at par with world standards. Thus,India shares a good portion of the worldwide production of Acrylonitrile. Asian, African, and even Arab countries buyIndian Acrylonitrile. The demand forIndian Acrylonitrile is high mainly because of its quality and competitive pricing.India's low cost and high end Acrylonitrile manufacturing expertise coupled with developing world class infrastructure is the main leveraging factor for the rise of this industry.India offers Acrylonitrile at a substantial discount than its western counterparts while delivering the same quality of output.

The advantages of manufacturing high class Acrylonitrile inIndia are -

  • Friendly government ofIndia policies
  • Low cost labor
  • Low and world class infrastructure
  • Strong technical education
  • Large number of science and engineering graduates
  • Quality output
  • Highly skilled workforce
  • Usage of innovative process
  • Good client relationships
  • Huge scope for innovation
  • Expansion of existing relationships
  • Huge demand in overseas markets
  • Availability of more technical work force
  • Increased number and quality of training facilities

Last Updated on 13 December 2011